1 - Greecs and Celts
Our history was mostly shaped by the
Mediteranean world. The first notorious contacts were made by trading with the Phoenicians
(from Lebanon) and went on since the V th century B.C. with the Greek
civilisation wich were dominating the comercial and cultural exchange in western
Mediteranean. They founded Marselha, Agde and Niça
(wich were rather trading posts than towns), and introduced the first elements of a
classical culture with the monuments, the temples and statues.
On the other hand, the Celts, were in all Europa, since
the 8 th century B.C., and, being the first "civilized" population, they deeply
influenced Occitania by giving its people the technique of iron working, goldsmith's
trade, and furthermore a way of life, wich is still going on: They were the First
Constituent Stratum in our identity building.
Actually, the Celts were nomads, they used to live in small groups, hunting and fishing,
building up temporary houses, and were in communion with nature, when they were not in
war, (see Brennus' famous "Vae victis !", when he took Rome in